Bone fractures are a break or crack in the bone caused by falls, high impact, accidents, and sports injuries. When force is applied to a bone that it cannot withstand, it may break. Sometimes the amount of force isn’t that intense; however, the angle of the force and the condition of the person also determines when a break occurs. Those with additional conditions like osteoporosis, diabetes, or arthritis may be more susceptible to bone breakage. Small children and those advanced in age may also be more likely to sustain broken bones.
Bone fractures are sometimes referred to as a complete fracture. In this type of fracture, the bone will snap into two parts—sometimes more. If the bone breaks through the skin, it is called an open fracture.
Common bone fractures include the collarbone, forearm, wrist, hip, and ankle. Hands and fingers, as well as feet and toes, may sustain broken bones as well, but these injuries are complicated to repair because of the nature of these limbs.
Symptoms of bone fractures include swelling or bruising near the site of the injury, pain ranging from tenderness to severe pain in the injured area, loss of function, and a deformity of the affected limb. Surgery may be required depending on the bone that was broken. However, the goal is to repair the broken bone and have it aligned again.